‘Inculturation’ – A danger to communal amity!

via HARAN.B.R published on June 21, 2008

conversion has been a subject of dispute for ages and the Church has
been well known for conversion activities to spread Christianity
through out the world in its pursuit of souls for harvesting. It mostly
follows the strategies of allurement and pressure to convert the people
following other religions. Pope John Paul, when he visited India,
had openly called for the evangelisation of Asian continent and ordered
his Padres to harvest maximum number of souls in Asia in general and
India in particular. The renewed campaign, which started then with full
force, has increased manifold with the development of a close
relationship between the Church and the Pseudo-secular political
parties. This relationship has been possible due to the considerable
chunk of Christian vote bank and the Church’s involvement in education
and health sectors

old style of the Church with regards to conversion has been to
influence the elite class of a society first, and in India it did
attempt to propagate and influence the Brahmin community during the
initial stages. But, as the Brahmins have been the protectors of the
Vedic philosophy and practitioners of the Vedic traditions, which have
been the hallmarks of the cultural heritage of this great nation, they
strongly opposed the moves of evangelizations. Later on, as it realised
that the focus on Brahmins would be a waste of time and resources, the
Church started to focus on other castes and in the process  it drove a
wedge between the Brahmin and non-Brahmin elites. As a last resort, it
forced its way into the so-called lower denominations, which also
formed the major chunk of the society. As its target group was
gullible, the Church easily exploited the innocence, thereby earning
huge dividends.

three hundred years of British rule helped the Church to establish its
missionaries at various pockets of the country, particularly in tribal
areas and rural India and since then the harvesting has been going on
slowly and steadily.

Independence, the Constituent Assembly’s noble intention of giving room
for ‘propagating’ one’s religion’ helped the Church to score brownie
points. This is evident from the fact that the Northeast, which was
predominantly Hindu at the time of independence, has become almost
totally Christian within fifty years. Similarly in the south, where the

onslaught paved the way for the establishment of Christianity,
conversions have been rampant. Goa, which was the focus of Christian Persecution during the Portuguese invasion, has turned out to be predominantly Christian.

the Portuguese landed in the coastal areas of Tamilnadu too, the state
has witnessed laborious activities by the missionaries, which was
helped by people like G.U.Pope and Bishop Caldwell. Later on the Church
and Missionaries were, and are still, aided and abetted by the
Dravidian Movement, with an ulterior motive of isolating the Tamil
people from the Hindu fold. Kerala has a few districts, which are
dominated by the community, particularly Syrian Christians, who form
80% of the 22% Christians in the state. After achieving a considerable
harvest in Goa and Kerala, the other three states of TN, AP and
Karnataka have become the focus of missionaries. 

stiff opposition from the Hindu religious, cultural and social
organszations, the Church has been adapting different strategies to
achieve the objective of soul harvesting. As the nation was reeling
under poverty, illiteracy and ill-health due to the thousand years of
looting by the Moghul and British Invaders, the education and health
sectors came in handy for the Church and Missionaries to strategise and
channelise their conversion methods. Apart from Health and Education,
they also started applying a novel method called ‘Inculturation’, which
dates back to as early as the 17th Century.

de Nobili, a Jesuit from France, who came to India in the early 17th
century, wanted to pose himself as a Brahmin from Rome after learning
Sanskrit and a few Vedic scriptures too. He wore saffron robes and
conducted discourses living in a hut and claimed that the Bible was one
of the lost Vedas!
As he gave a Hindu colour to himself, he was quite successful with a
large gathering of followers, until when the people realised his
dubious motives (Refer: The Portuguese in India, Orient
Longman, Hyderabad, 1990). As the European religious leaders were not
convinced of his methodology, they didn’t apply his strategies

as Hindu leaders like Swami Vivekananda, Gandhiji, Ambedkar and
Narayana Guru had thorough knowledge of Christianity and its motives of
evangelisation, the Church and missionaries could not extend their
activities beyond a certain limit and confined their operations to
rural and tribal areas. Even during the time of Nehru, who made no
bones about his sense of vagueness for Hinduism, the Congress
government in Madhya Pradesh constituted the Niyogi Commission (1956),
which confirmed the dubious methods adopted by the Churches &
Missionaries for harvesting souls and it also recommended a ‘ban’ on
conversions. Despite Nehru’s mistake of failing to table the
Commission’s report, the Congress government in MP went on to enact the
anti-conversion law called the Madhya Pradesh Dharma Swatantraya Adhiniyam in 1968 following Orissa, which passed the Orissa Freedom of Religion Act,
1967. Later in 1977, the Supreme Court of India upheld the
Constitutional validity of both the laws through the Stainislaus v.
State of Madhya Pradesh (AIR 1977 SC 908) case. Now, Gujarat has an
Anti-Conversion Law in practice and other BJP ruled states have also
followed suit.

the last three to four decades, the Church and Missionaries have
developed a close rapport with the pseudo-secular political parties by
showing its vote bank as a trump card. The Church has now revived the
process of ‘Inculturation’ with an aim to adopting the well-established
Hindu cultural practices to make a changeover in the minds of the
gullible masses.

The Church has started setting up Hindu type of buildings and called them as ‘Catholic Ashrams’ controlled by ‘Saffron robed’
Padres projecting themselves as ‘Swamijis’. The Hindu style of
architecture, construction, layout and interior designs are being
followed.  The buildings also have the Sanskrit ‘Ohm’ symbol in front
of them and the saffronised Padres claimed that Ohm is not Hindu, but
Vedic! Some Churches also sculpture the statues of Jesus in
‘meditating’ posture (Kerala), Jesus sitting cross-legged on a lotus
(Hyderabad), Jesus emerging after a purification bath in Ganges
(Haridwar) and they even claim that yoga and meditation are not connected to Hinduism and that they are universal, common to all religions! The ‘Ashtothram’ and ‘Sahasra Naamam’ (108 and 1008 names) have also been prepared for performing ‘Archana’ on Jesus and the ‘Aarti’ is also being performed.

In Tamilnadu, Churches have started ‘Padayatras’ for Velankanni Shrines, some times even with the ‘Irumudi’
(similar to the one taken for Sabari Mala Yatras). The Velankanni
pilgrims have started wearing saffron robes. Many Churches have started
giving ‘Chakra Pongal (Sweet Rice) as ‘Prashadams’
for the people. Apart from Velankanni in Nagapattinam, the Velankanni
shrine in Besant Nagar, Chennai also follows these practices of

The seemingly deliberate setting up of ‘Mary shrines’ in street corners, next to ‘Vinayaga‘ enclosures / small temples, is a concerted effort to replace ‘Goddess Maariamman’ from the scheme of things as they exist now. Evangelists have been seen brazenly telling the village people that Mary (Mother) and Mari (Amman)
are one and the same. During festival times one can find digital
banners in the Santhome area of Chennai City near Marina Beach,
claiming Mary as ‘Thiru Mayilai Annai’ (Mother in Mylapore), while the true ‘Thiru Mayilai Annai’ is Goddess Karpagambaal of Kapaaleeshwarar Temple, which was demolished by the Portuguese.

The whole world knows that ‘Girivalam’ (Circumambulation of Hill Temples) is being performed at Thiruvannamalai every ‘Pournami’
(New Moon Day) and the same practice has been started by Churches at
many places after erecting a huge Cross and a Prayer House on Hillocks.
A Church on the hillock at a place called Achirupakkam near
Melmaruvaththur Adi Parashakthi Temple is a classic example for
Chrsitian Girivalam. The Church has adapted every Hindu practice and
the only thing left is the replacement of ‘Hindu Murthis’ with Jesus
and Mary statues, which is most likely to happen anytime if this
inculturation continues. The Churches claim that this concept of
inculturation has been aimed at bridging the divide between Indian
Cultural Experience and the Western Character of Christianity.

to the Christianising of Yoga and Meditation, fine arts like Baratha
Natyam is also allegedly being Christianised by a few institutes in the
country. The adaptation of practises of Hindu religion, culture and
fine arts by the Church and missionaries with an intention of
de-Hinduising them, have created havoc in the psyche of the Hindu
majority provoking it beyond the limits of tolerance.

The only remedy lies in bringing a Constitutional Amendment. At present, the Constitution ensures ‘Freedom of Religion
to practise & propagate and certainly doesn’t grant the right to
convert others. The relevant ‘Article-25’, which ensures freedom of
religion, is subject to public order, morality and health. But, the
process of inculturation being practised by the Church now, violates
all and calls for a total ban on such attempts and a legislation of
a Central Anti-Conversion Law. Also, the Constitution must be amended,
so as to remove the word ‘propagate’, which is deviously used by the
Church. The minorities must be allowed to practice their religion. But
it should not be done at the cost of national interest and communal

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