Swethaaswethara Upanishad

via IISH Communication Team - http://iish.org/ published on October 2, 2008

Swethaaswethara Upanishad  is  said to be written by a Rushi , Swethaaswathara. I personally think  that  the name Swethaaswethara  cannot be  the  name of  a Rushi, it can  be only swetha  and swetha ithara,  which means  the  white  and other than white ( pure  and impure). This Upanishads clearly gives the    messages of good and bad in the world  and how a great man should take the good from the bad.

1. There  are six chapters  for this  Upanishad. 

2. Detailed description of the  Brahmam  is given in the  first chapter, like the  genesis , existence, maintenance, manifestation, manipulation   of the Brahmam .

3. Variety of observations and  visions of  scholars  about the  Brahmam are given  in this part. 

4. the cause and  solutions of happiness and  unhappiness in the human life  are philosophically explained. 

5. The knowledge of the  absolute truth about the life  and philosophical approach  towards  life  is the only solution  for the  happiness in the life is  mentioned  with example in the first  and second  chapter of the swethaaswetharopanishad.

6. The detailed  description of  Brahmam as the  colorless /odorless/ formless/ shape and size less unexplainable/ indefinable…beyond the level of imagination, beyond analyses, beyond estimation etc,.  are the adjective used  for Brahmam , in the  third chapter.

7. How the Brahmam manifest itself  as  the Sun, moon, stars, butterflies, birds, clouds,  ocean, atmosphere, colors, cosmos  …etc ( i.e. all living and non living beings) are explained in chapter four..

8. The fifth chapter  describes the merits of meditation  for  Brahma saakshaathkaaram and brahmajnaanam.

9.  The last chapter describes  about the   qualities and qualifications of the  materials and the world  due to the presence of Brahma chaithanyam  in it.

10. The last lines  describe about the  moksha  and detachment in the life  to attain  the heaven.


1. Lectures were organized in Trivandrum (26th) and  in Mavelikkara regions (28th ); in Alapuzha district (1st ) with excellent response.

2. The third floor concreting of the Bharatheeya Vidya Vihar completed on 2nd October. The IISH family get together was a great success.


161. A manager should think deep  what are the benefits, problems, demerits, of doing something or not doing the same before doing something.

162. He should know that some of the works  cannot be undertaken at all. If at all undertaken one cannot continuously pursue the same, it may not have much benefits  also, hose types of works should not be undertaken.

163. Happiness of some people may not have any use at all, like that  his unhappiness / anger /sorrow /..may also not have any merits  also. Never accept such people  as the guardians.

164. A wise should  start  such type of work  which need less money to invest and fetches  more  profit from the venture.

165. He should also see that such ventures  should not become a failure.

166. A leader who  treats  all his colleagues  equally, even if the  leader keeps quite doing nothing, the followers  may pardon him   

167.  A  leader should be  like a tree even if not  producing  seeds but flowering , even if not  possible to pluck but  producing the  fruits,  even if not  giving good fruits but showing the color of fruits. That leader can ‘somehow survive’ without much trouble.

168. A leader should  entertain  and make happy his  followers through words, sight,  thoughts  and by deeds, that leader  can remain happy  for ever.

169. A leader should never create a fear psychosis in his followers even if the  leader is the  most capable man, the followers will hate  the leader  quickly. This is like a  deer  is afraid of a hunter. 

170. A leader who practices  adharmic  method  destroys his own prosperity by doing  so.

SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGICAL HERITAGE OF INDIA:: Great ancient Indian mines were:-

1. Rajpura, Dariba and Udaipur mines in Rajasthan for Zinc ( 1260 BC);

2. South Lode mines fuly active during  1130 BC for gold, silver and copper minerals.

3. Hatti in Karnataka was an important source of gold   from 750 BC;

4. Lead and Zinc were produced  in 99% purity from Rampura and Agucha mines during 350 BC.

5. Zawarmala in Rajasthan was the most active Zinc and lead producing  mines during 440 BC;

6. Ambamata  mines in Gujarat was very active copper, lead and zinc mines in Gujarat.

7. Ganeswar – Rajar mines  were perhaps  the oldest copper mines in the world  active during 2800 – 2500 BC.

8. The Kallur copper mines were active during 1200 BC.

9. Komaranahalli and Tadanahalli are the two very important  iron mines producing the metals during 1300 BC .

10.  Attranjikhera mines were active during 1200 BC for iron metal.

11. Pandu, Rajar and Dhibi in Bengal  were  active during  1300 BC and Alamghir mines  in Rajasthan during 1000 BC & Varnasi mines during 1000 BC all for iron mining.

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