Muktika Upanishad

via IISH Communication Team published on September 4, 2008

Muktika Upanishad:

This is the  108th Upanishad   in the  series of  108
important Upanishads. There are two parts  for this Upanishad. Just before Lord
Rama leaving the  world (DEHA TYAAGAM) by disposing the body in River Sarayu,
Hanuman asked a  question to Lord, in presence of Lakshmana, Bharatha,
Satrughna,  Vasishta  and others.  The question was about the Vedic and non
Vedic literature. As  reply, Lord Rama  thus explained:-

1. There are  four Vedas. Rig-Veda has 21 recensions, Yajurveda has 109
recensions, Sama Veda has 1000 recensions and Atharveda has 50 recensions.

2. The Lord  said there are  108 Upanishads. From Aitareya Upanishad to
bahvruchopanishad  there are ten Upanishads belonging to  Rig-Veda  and all
these Upanishads have the  saanthi mantra starting from vaang may manasi
prathishtithaa  mano may vaachi prathishtithaa……

3. From eesaavaasya Upanishad to muktika Upanishad there  are  19 Upanishads
belonging to Sukla Yajurveda  having the saanthi mantra  starting from poorna
matha poorna midam poornaath…….. From Katopanishad to saraswatee
rahasyopanishad there are 32 Upanishads for Krishna Yajurveda   having the
saanthi mantra  saha naavavathu saha nou bhunaktu saha veeryam……

4.  From kena Upanishad to jaabaala Upanishad there  are 16 Upanishads  for
Sama Veda  having the saanthi mantra aapyaayanthu mamaangaani vaak praana
schakshu……………

5. From prasna Upanishad to garuda Upanishad  there are 31 Upanishad  for
Atharveda  which  are chanted with the saanthi mantra  Bhadram karnebhi
srunuyaama devaa……….

6. Thus Lord Rama gives the explanation  about the Vedic literature  in the
first part of this Upanishad. In the second part  Lord explains  about  praana,
yoga,  wisdom and intelligence, knowledge (jnaanam), analyses, estimation, as
the mental attitude  and capacity to  intellectual analyses.

7. Finally Lord Rama  explains why he himself is  known  as an Avathaara/ and
the divinity in him. In short the   analyses of mind and psychology  were done
in the second part.

ACHIEVEMENTS OF IISH IN THIS  WEEK :

Five more computers  were added to the BSS computer college of IISH. A series of lectures were organized in Malapuram and Trissur districts including the University of Calicut  and in Accountant general office. Bhagavatha satra prabhaashanangal new MP3 CD has been released. More than 500 dresses  were distributed to poor people, in Palakkad as a part of
the sevanam samarpanam.

VIDUROPADESA:

121. never  get  excited beyond a level on the great
achievements/success

122. never feel happy on others pains and misery.

123. never think about  what is given of/ offered to others. Those who practice
these are known as  satpurusha. 

124. Those who know  about the  customs and  traditions of the country/place
where they live  and practice them, they can influence others easily. 

125. Those who are wise, never projects their ego, keeps the desires at low
profile, never  challenge others  unnecessarily, never do sins  and  treachery,
and never argue with   drunkards- crazy   and bad people  they  are  the great
men

126. Donate liberally for the poor, do worship god, do good to others,   they
will be blessed by the god.

127. Build family and social relations with people of same status

128. Never build relation with people with too low  or too high status. 

129. Always appreciate and recognize great men and scholars. 

130. Share the materials, happiness, credit  and name and fame with those who
participated in your  mission.

Welcome to Haindava Keralam! Register for Free or Login as a privileged HK member to enjoy auto-approval of your comments and to receive periodic updates.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

 characters available

Latest Articles from Dharma Smriti

Did You Know?