Significance of Holi
01/03/2010 11:33:58  V N Gopalakrishnan

Holi is the spring festival celebrated on the full moon day of Phalguna (February-March). It is an ancient festival of India and was originally known as Holika. Holi helps the people to believe in the virtue of being truthful and honest and also to fight away the evil. It helps to bring the society together and strengthen the secular fabric of our country. The tradition of the Holi is that even the enemies turn friends. Besides, on this day people do not differentiate between the rich and poor and everybody celebrate the festival together with a spirit of brotherhood. The full moon festival of Holika gradually became a festival of merry-making, announcing the commencement of the spring season of love. This perhaps explains the other names of this festival-Vasanta Mahotsava and Kama Mahotsava. This year, Holi is being celebrated on March 1.

The festival finds a detailed description in Jaimini's Purvamimamsa Sutras and Kathaka Grhya Sutras. A detailed description is also given in the Vedas and Puranas such as Narada Purana and Bhavishya Purana. A stone inscription belonging to 300 B.C found at Ramgarh in the province of Vindhya has a reference on Holikotsav on it. King Harshavardhana has mentioned about Holikotsav in his work Ratnavali written during the 7th century. In Bengal and Orissa, Holi Purnima is celebrated as the birthday of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu A.D. 486-1533.
Lord Krishna is believed to have popularized the festival. Lord Krishna is believed to have complained to his mother about the contrast between his dark skin complexion and Radha's fair skin complexion. Krishna's mother decided to apply colour to Radha's face. Lord Krishna also played Holi with a picker (brass syringe) so much gusto that even today the songs sung during Holi are full of the pranks that he played on the Gopis. A variety of pickharis in plastic and aluminium are used today. Gulals made up of many colours such as pink, red, magenta, yellow and green are used.

There is another story associated with the origin of Holi. It is about Kamadeva, the God of Love. Kamadeva's body was destroyed when he shot his weapon at Lord Shiva in order to disrupt his penance and help Parvati to marry Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva then opened his third eye and Kamadeva's body was reduced to ashes. For the sake of Kamadeva's wife Rati (passion), Shiva restored him, but only as a mental image, representing the true emotional and spiritual state of love rather than physical lust. The Holi bonfire is believed to be celebrated in commemoration of this event.

In South India, people follow the tradition of worshiping Kamadeva. People have faith in the legend which speaks about the great sacrifice of Kamadeva. After a fun-filled day people greet friends and relatives by visiting them and exchange sweets. Holi get-togethers are also organised by various cultural bodies to generate harmony and brotherhood in the society. Rangapanchami occurs a few days later on a Panchami (fifth day of the full moon), marking the end of festivities involving colors.

The literal meaning of the word Holi is 'burning' and there are many legends associated with the festival. One legend is associated with King Hiranyakashipu, the king of demons. Hiranyakashipu wanted everybody in his kingdom to worship only him but to his disappointment, his son Prahlad became an ardent devotee of Lord Narayana. Hiranyakashipu commanded his sister, Holika to enter a blazing fire with Prahlad in her lap. Holika had a boon whereby she could enter fire without any damage on herself. However, she was not aware that the boon worked only when she enters the fire alone. She paid a price for her sinister desire and Prahlad was saved from death. Hence, the festival celebrates the victory of good over evil and the triumph of devotion.  

Holi is a festival when new clothes are made for a married daughter and her children. In olden days, the household purohit (priest) was invited to start the function, but now the eldest male member takes the thali, already decorated with gulals and tesu water in a small lota. Beginning with the elder member, each male member goes round and sprinkles gulals and coloured water onto each individual. Children put colour on the elders. Earlier, it was a special rite performed by married women for the happiness and well-being of their families.

The main emphasis of the festival is on the burning of the holy fire or Holika. The origin of the traditional lighting of Holi is attributed to the burning of demo nesses like Holika, Holaka and Putana who represent evil. On the eve of Holi, the effigy of Holika, is placed in the wood and burnt. There is a scientific reason for celebrating the Holi especially pertaining to the tradition of Holika Dahan. When Holika is burnt, temperature rises to about 145°F. When people perform Parikrama (circumambulation) around the fire, the heat from the fire kills the bacteria in the body thereby cleansing it. The day after the burning of Holika people put ash (Vibhuti) on their forehead and they would mix Chandan (sandal paste) with the young leaves and flowers of the mango tree.

Children hurl abuses at Holika and pray pranks, to chase away Dhundhi who once troubled little ones in the Kingdom of Reghu. Some people take embers from the fire to rekindle their own domestic fires. The main day of Holi celebrations is called Dhuleti when the actual play of colours take place. There is no tradition of puja during Holi but only merry-making and enjoyment.

(The author is a social activist and Director, Indo-Gulf Consulting. He can be contacted on telegulf@gmail.com)



Bookmark and Share

Share on Facebook



 
  
Rashmi
02/03/2010 21:06:17
Good Article - we should work to unite All indians esp Hindus inspite of language differences
Here in this place where i live a small govt establishment people are trying to divide and rule. This place has one person mr pannicker (he is a hindu malyali)who doesnot allow any north indian festivals to be celebrated his Golden statement is "we are from cow eating belts and you are from cow worshipping belts, on the eve of Karva Chauth".He himself is a beef eater.
Such men Neither know Vedas nor india cultural past but with a wine in hand and beef in other talk of God and vedas and all high morals. Same man told me as i have to see administration i have to do little adharama , i told him that rama himself was aking but he never did adharma for his cause.

Kerala Haindava good article on holi please unite all indians , My visit to each state and observation is that we all follow rituals from vedas but for last 3000 years we have forgotten the truth, follow what you feel but Know vedas, geeta Ramayan and upnishad.
I am trying to type and send a copy of this book by swami ramswarup ji " Holy Cow says vedas". It will take time. But i will do it.
Once again publish more articles on different festivals from different state and underlying harmony.

Rashmi
5
gulmyriam
01/03/2010 14:27:44
holi
very interesting article, explaining the legends and myths for this celebration. Such articles should appear more often on this site. 5
What is good and what is bad?
Fools cannot see at all
With a garment tied to its tail
Can the rat enter its hole?

~ Sant Kabir (1398-1448)

TOP STORIES
Watch NaMo latest interview.
No one can stop the rise of a visionary. Must watch interview of NaMo.
Jihadi call to support AAP & Congress to defeat Narendra Modi.
Protest : Big Bazaar advertisement insulting Hindu Dharma
Man murdered by Muslim friends over live in relationship with Muslim woman
Renowned Surgeon Dr.Devi Shetty: "Narendra Modi can deliver, has clear vision on how India should be run
Modi's today's explosive and exhaustive interview to ANI
No wonder, Antonia is able to get away with NONSENSE
'Modi is not a politician. He is a Statesman'. - Dr.B.M.Hegde
SDPI terrorists attack BJP candidate in Tanjavur
The Biggest Interview of 2014 with Narendra Modi in TV9
Christian Vishu - Heights of Inculturation and Hypocrisy.
Result of rise in Muslim demography; Jihadi fight among themselves in Taliparamba riots
Final leap towards Janam TV - Suresh Gopi to launch logo, in the presence of socio-cultural leaders
Opinion poll: BJP and allies cross 272 mark
Priyanka Gandhi drinks too much alcohol and has a bad name, says Subramanian Swamy.
Kudos to Nationalist tweeples; #AbKiBaarModiSarkaar continuously trending in twitter.
Exclusively for secular Hindus.
Narendra Modi : Give me 60 Months and Will give you a Life of Peace and Happiness.
I won't have any issues in taking support from Mukhtar Ansari: Kejriwal
Narendra Modi in Aap Ki Adalat 2014, Full Episode
Celebrity Tamil novelist supports Narendra Modi, gets threat
Modi effect: 2,000-odd RSS shakhas sprout in 3 months
CPM's secret circular espouses Anti Hindu agenda
Narendra Modi in Aap Ki Adalat, Full Episode.
Sanjay Baru's book puts forth sensational claims about UPA govt
'Informer-Cop Nexus Behind TN Islamic Fundamentalism'
Bill on Banning Conversion - Sign the petition
Ishrat Jahan Conspiracy, the full untold story. Disseminate widely in the interest of our national security.
Muslims won Kargil for India, not Hindus:SP leader Azam Khan
AAP candidate against Sonia Gandhi withdraws.
AAP Ka Sach jhoot bole kauwa kaate
Secular Exam paper - Which holy book teaches 'Love'?
British Army Given a talk on the Bhagavad Gita
Muslims frown over Kumar Vishwas' pro-RSS comments
Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat - BJP Manifesto 2014
Now we know what is happening with Ford foundation's hefty donations to AAP
Sashi Tharoor hobnobs with Christian power brokers, Ask them to threaten laity by demonising Modi
Tale of two Manifestos: BJP vs Congress
AAP wants to strike a deal with largest party: AAP leader
Family of deceased Keralite MBBS student urges for fresh probe.
NaMo - The visionary.
Why India needs a strong government at the centre
Possible scenarios for UPA-3
Don't be a fence sitter! Vote! Vote Responsibly! Vote for Namo !- Rajeev Chandrasekhar
Narendra Modi's Vision and Priorities - Interview
Aadhar - biggest Social Scam on the Planet Earth, says Dr Swamy
Why BJP?
Kerala Demograhy - 'Islamic Surge' across Kerala
VHP launches, India Health line in Delhi
Kerala Home Minister's inflammatory article against Narendra Modi
Muslim goons on a rampage against Hindus in Ullal
They Divide, We Unite
Decoding Modi : Watch unseen aspects of Modi's life
Parameswarji on - Why Janam?
Journalist and ex-Congress MP M J Akbar on why he chose to join BJP
Chetan Bhagat's Analyse on ''The Modi Effect'
Congress Panic at “Whirlwind” Muslims Support for NaMo
BJP launches Raksha app to aid women security
Yogendra Yadav on Gujarat development before he became AAP leader
Before Voting please remember the following statements
14 Myths about RSS : writes Kiran Kumar S.
Jamaat-e-Islami Hind's constitution is unconstitutional, Kerala govt says
Christian Good News Vs Hindu Good News ; Explained by Rajiv Malhotra
Kannur Seva Appeal - Stand up for the families of those who sacrificed their lives for the nation.
Trader launches 'The Namo Store' for Narendra Modi merchandise
Kerala Church showers praises on Modi
Will Joyalukkas make-up mother mary an ad figure ?
Their Last Journey - Heartbreaking cattle trafficking in Kerala
HK Seva update- Thanks for your support!
We are not interested in 2002, We are interested in 2022
I respect Sangh Activist's dedication for the Nation - Justice VR Krishna Iyer
Ready to join hands with HK ? - An Appeal
Nandettan exposes Marxist hatred towards Swami Vivekananda - Janam Video Report
13.45% growth rate in Muslim dominated Mallapuram while Kerala only have 4.86% growth rate
At Tirunelveli, 200 Christians Come Back to Hindu Fold





About Us | Contribute | Feedback
All rights reserved. © 2005 - 2011. www.haindavakeralam.org