The Gita further explains the theory of "detachment"
from the extrinsic rewards of work in saying:
• If the result of sincere effort is a success, the entire
credit should not be appropriated by the doer alone.
• If the result of sincere effort is a failure, then too the
entire blame does not accrue to the doer.
The former attitude mollifies arrogance and conceit while the latter
prevents excessive despondency, de-motivation and self-pity. Thus
both these dispositions safeguard the doer against psychological
vulnerability, the cause of the modem managers' companions of diabetes,
high blood pressure and ulcers.
Assimilation of the ideas of the Gita leads us to the wider
spectrum of "lokasamgraha" (general welfare)
but there is also another dimension to the work ethic - if the "karmayoga"
(service) is blended with "bhaktiyoga" (devotion),
then the work itself becomes worship, a "sevayoga"
(service for its own sake.)
Along with bhakti yoga as a means of liberation, the Gita
espouses the doctrine of nishkamya karma or pure
action untainted by hankering after the fruits resulting from that
action. Modern scientists have now understood the intuitive wisdom
of that action in a new light.
Scientists at the US National Institute of Mental Health in Bethesda,
found that laboratory monkeys that started out as procrastinators,
became efficient workers after they received brain injections that
suppressed a gene linked to their ability to anticipate a reward.
The scientists reported that the work ethic of rhesus macaques wasn't
all that different from that of many people: "If the reward
is not immediate, you procrastinate", Dr Richmond told LA Times.
(This may sound a peculiarly religious idea but it has a wider application.
It could be taken to mean doing something because it is worthwhile,
to serve others, to make the world a better place – ed.)